How Drug Trafficking Attorneys Handle Cases, and Defendants

drug trafficking

Drug trafficking is a category of offenses that include high-level drug dealing. Though California law draws no statutory line between trafficking and dealing, the use of the term “trafficking” to describe an offense typically signals the intention of the criminal justice system (police officers, prosecutors, and judges) to deal with a drug offense as harshly as possible.

Trafficking typically consists of deals much larger than a basic hand-to-hand sale of drugs to an end user. Large quantities of illegal drugs are usually involved. Trafficking is also likely to encompass other associated crimes, including drug smuggling, drug manufacturing, and money laundering.

Drug operations large enough to involve transporting drugs into California (from other states or outside the country) attract coordinated law-enforcement attention in an attempt to seize illegal contraband and make high-profile arrests. The targets are drugs in large quantities and organized networks of smugglers and dealers.

There are four specific counties (Los Angeles, Riverside, Orange, and San Bernardino) which have earned extra attention from law enforcement agencies at the local, state, and federal level. Together, these counties comprise the Los Angeles High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area, or HIDTA. There is a second HIDTA on the Southwest Border made up of Imperial and San Diego Counties. Authorities in each of these zones concentrate on drugs being manufactured in and transported through the areas in so-called “drug corridors” or “drug pipelines.” The drug gangs responsible for this activity typically rely on individuals called “mules” to move drugs into and through California. Some “mules” perform this work without knowing what they’re doing.

Smuggling And Transportation

Bringing drugs across a state or national border (in California, usually from Mexico) is viewed as a serious crime. Large quantities of drugs amplify the severity of the punishments levied against offenders. When charged in federal court, this sort of drug trafficking can carry a mandatory minimum sentence of 10 years or more. When the quantities involved are large enough, life imprisonment is a possibility.

According to California law, the simple transportation of illegal drugs is a felony in and of itself. Simply moving drugs from one home to another is a crime which can carry a sentence of up to five years’ imprisonment. Greater distance imposes greater penalties, and a defendant who carries drugs across more than two different counties can be sent to prison for up to nine years.

High-Volume Drug Sales

The sale of illegal drugs in any quantity will earn California perpetrators significant penalties based on the substances involved. “Softer” drugs like methamphetamine, ketamine, and GBH earn sellers up to four years in prison. Selling “hard” drugs such as heroin, cocaine, oxycodone, and hydrocodone can be punished by sentences of up to five years.

Drug traffickers attempting to sell cocaine – in either powder or base (crack) form – or heroin are subject to much harsher penalties when the quantities involved are high. Sentencing maximums are raised by three years whenever a seller is trying to distribute more than a kilogram of these drugs. The law responsible is California’s Health and Safety Code 11352 HS. This law imposes a sliding scale of increasing penalties for larger quantities. At the top of the scale, drug weights in excess of 80 kilograms earn the addition of up to 25 years to a sentence.

There are similar maximum sentence enhancements for sales of PCP and methamphetamine. The smallest increase is an addition of three years for sales involving more than one kilogram; at the top of the scale, selling more than 20 kilograms earns a sentence enhancement of up to 15 years.

Drug Conspiracy

California has criminalized drug conspiracy to cover any agreement to sell, transport, or distribute drugs between two or more people. Such agreement must be coupled to action in order to fall under the state law; federal law requires only proof of the agreement in order to charge a defendant.

The same penalty enhancements that apply to selling drugs can be employed in conspiracy cases. Conspiracy convictions can be achieved with fairly minor involvement, but applying enhanced penalties requires that the conspirator’s “substantial” involvement in planning, directing, executing, or financing the crime be proved.

Are Drugs Still Illegal? Why You Should Still Hire an Attorney

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When dealing with criminal drug costs, there is absolutely nothing that could be more vital than a drug attorney. The lawful repercussions in these kinds of criminal situations can be major. A medications attorney is definitely needed to assist an offender via the intricate lawful landscape that is to adhere to. It is necessary to keep in mind, however, that not all attorneys coincide which it is essential to be mindful when picking a legal representative. There are particular essential variables to try to find in a drug attorney search that any kind of experienced criminal drug attorney will certainly have.

According to, fees for attorneys vary drastically, all depending upon the charges in which you are facing. Exactly what they cooperate usually is they all lead to loss of sources and also most of the times loss of freedom through the state. This is why it is necessary to have a supporter throughout these process. The complete sources of the state are functioning to deny the offender of his/her freedom and also sources. A qualified drug ownership attorney or trafficking attorney is the only ally the implicated has.

In order to succeed regardless, this attorney needs to have some crucial high qualities and also features that excellent criminal lawyers have. The very first and also essential element is the experience of the attorney. This makes a substantial distinction as well as distinguishes attorneys in business. There is 2 type of experience. One is experienced in the criminal drug regulations details to the instance handy as well as the various other experiences in various territories, both state as well as government.

For instance, experience in the drug regulations is a general declaration. A drug offense attorney can be an effective litigator in cannabis prosecutions, however, have no experience in drug criminal activities. Usually, professionals will certainly promote their specific niches, however, this is not constantly the instance. It is essential to pick the specialist with one of the most effective experiences in the certain situation that will certainly exist to them to protect.

Experience in the territory can be gauged by finding the various territories the attorney has actually exercised in. This is where most drug prosecutions are being performed. Consequently, the possibilities of locating a knowledgeable drug attorney in a city location are above in rural parts of the state.

Additionally, the very successful criminal drug attorneys usually have both states as well as government experience. This is important if an accused is additionally encountering government drug fees. Not all attorneys are allowed to exercise in a government court. This makes it important to employ an attorney that is allowed to handle federal cases.

Bicycle Accidents – What You Can Do If You Sustained Physical Injury

Safety is always a concern for bicycle riders when they ride on the road because of the fact that cars would rather that they are not on the road with them and pedestrians will not tolerate them on the pavements either. So in some cities, bicycle riders have their own lanes for their safety. However, not all cities are as accommodating. Bicycle riders endure riding with cars in close proximity on the road and as expected, accidents involving cars and bicycles are rampant and a lot of these accidents results to physical injuries. In fact, statics show that 2% of fatalities from accidents are bicycle riders and 2% of injuries from crashes or accidents are also bicycle riders.

What are the causes of bicycle accidents?

bicycle accidentBicycle accidents can occur because of negligence of either or both bicycle riders and car drivers. Reckless driving can result to traffic violation citations or it can lead to a more dangerous situation like an accident. Unfavorable road conditions that lack warning road signs can also result to accidents to bicycle riders. A malfunctioning bicycle because of lack of maintenance can also easily break on the road and it can lead to accidents. Circumstances and unfavorable conditions can result to accidents. Some accidents can be prevented while other causes are just accidents waiting to happen. If you have been recently involved in a bicycle accident, it is important to get medical attention first, and then get to the bottom of the cause of the accident to determine who is liable and if you file for a lawsuit. Here’s what you can do if you sustained physical injury in a bicycle accident.

Can I file for a claim if I have been in a bicycle accident?

The first step in filing for a lawsuit is determining liability. Who is the responsible party in the accident? As long as you are not the responsible party in the accident, you can file for a lawsuit.

Bike Accident Claim – You can file for a bike accident claim to the insurance company of the driver who caused the accident. This is suitable action if it has been determined that the negligence or traffic violation of the other party is indeed the cause. To file for this claim, you must have supporting documents like police reports, photos of the scene, photos of the damages to your property and injuries you have sustained.

State Tort Claim – Suing the city is the appropriate action if you can prove that negligence of the city or city workers was the cause of the accident. This is usually the case for accidents that are caused by bad roads that has no warning signs or just the lack of road signs. You can sue for compensation for your pain and suffering, damages, lost wages and others.

Product Liability Claim – Suing the manufacturer of your bicycle is through a product liability claim is an appropriate action if the reason the accident happened is because of a faulty bicycle part or a substandard product. This can be difficult to prove but if you have experts and expert’s opinions on your side, you can get a settlement for the injuries you sustained and other damages sustained because of the accident.

Employee’s Expense Reimbursement – Know your Company’s Policies

Expense reimbursement is a company practice wherein employees are reimbursed for the expenses they have incurred while performing their duty as an employee to the company. This is common if your job includes interacting with clients or possible clients as well as travelling as part of your job. Though each company has different policies in terms of what qualifies as expenses that can be reimbursed and what are not, these expenses listed below are usually included:

  1. Meals – meal expenses incurred alone or with clients or potential clients are included as long as the company expected you to dine with the client as art of the process.
  2. Transportation – Flights and ground transportation to and fro the destination should be included in the company expenses.
  3. Lodging – If the business trip is expected to last more than a day, the company must pay for your hotel or lodging accommodation.
  4. Incidental expenses – these expenses includes tips and other fees to personal service employees incurred during the duration of the trip.

It is worth knowing what is in your employees’ handbook says regarding other services that are included and can reimbursed by your company. For example, some companies include clients’ entertainment in company expenses. Laundry services, gym membership and other expenses may also be considered company expenses for prolonged business trips. Some companies put a limit in terms of amount that can be spent for these extra activities and others do not. Thus, reading and making sure you are following company policies is vital.

Filing for Expense Reimbursement via Expense Reimbursement Report

Expense report

Expense report

It is a standard practice for companies to ask for any form of receipt when an employee is filling out an expense reimbursement report. Expenses must be itemized with the supporting evidence of a receipt in a form of bill or via your credit card statement. For other expenses like incidental expenses, wherein you paid in cash, you must also itemize those. Some expenses may also need some clarification or justification. Nowadays, companies usually give out company credit cards to senior employees to lessen the hassle of filling out an expense reimbursement report. This way, they won’t have to be reimbursed since the company will be the one to pay the bills.

If you have more questions about expense reimbursement, feel free to ask for a free consultation here.

A completely filled out expense reimbursement report is submitted to the company’s accounting department and will then be reviewed to make sure that there are no false claims, unnecessary and/or over spending the company’s money. If the accounting department finds errors, gross misappropriation of company funds, you can be sued or fired or both depending on company policies. For those who have company credit cards, they won’t have to file unless they had expenses that were paid in cash. The company’s credit card statement will be a sufficient replacement but the credit card bill will be reviewed as well for any expenses that should not have been charged to the company’s name in the first place. Some companies also set deadlines for filling out an expense reimbursement report and failing to file before the set deadline might result to no reimbursement. Again, it is helpful to know company policies regarding this matter.

What You Need To Know About Hit and Run

Being in a vehicular accident can be a very stressful event that can stir negative emotions like anxiety, panic and shock. It can also lead you to making some not-so-smart decisions sometimes. Hit and run is a punishable offense that is described as leaving a scene of a crash or accident that you were involved in or you caused. Therefore, the act of hitting or crashing into a pedestrian, an animal or a pet, a parked car with or without a driver, or any stationary or inanimate property and leaving it like nothing happened can lead to you being charged with hit and run.

What you Need to Do

hit and runIn any case that you hit someone or something by accident, it is always advised that you stop the car and assess the damage. If you are in a hurry and the owner of the property you damaged is not present, leave your contact details by leaving a note. If a pedestrian or there is a person injured in the accident, you should help the person by calling for help and/or performing a first aid if you deem necessary. Next, call a police officer to have the scene assessed and for documentation. This can help immensely especially when you are dealing with your insurance company. You should also exchange insurance and contact information with the other party. If the other party is unable to do this with you because of injury or he might be unconscious at the moment, leave this information with the police officer. Here’s more of what you must do when you are involved in an accident other than your own property.

Consequences of Hit and Run

These days, it is very difficult to not get caught when committing a crime and this especially true in hit and run cases. Even when you are confident that there are no witnesses, you can never be that sure. For one, CCTVs are everywhere these days. Almost all establishments have them so there is really no escaping. If you are charged with hit and run, consequences can be very hefty. For one, hit and run can be both a felony and misdemeanor.

If there are no severe injuries to persons involved, it is considered a misdemeanor in most states. However, if a death or severe/fatal injuries on the victim is involved, the crime considered a felony. In some states, a hit and run to pet or an animal is also considered a felony. Hit and run misdemeanor can be punished with a fine for up to $5,000 and you can also be imprisoned for a year at most. The punishment will depend on the damages and circumstances of the case. For felony hit and run cases the fines can be anywhere between upwards of $5,000 to $25,000 and imprisonment can be anywhere from 3 to 15 years. Again, it varies depending on the nature of the case. Apart from this, the victim of hit and run also has the option of filing for personal injury claim.

Adding more problem is the fact that most insurance companies immediately cancels their insurance coverage to people who have been proven to be guilty of hit and run.

So next time, if you are involved in a vehicular crash or accident, always stop, calm down and follow the procedures.

The Rights of Employees According to Employment Laws

It is very important to know a person’s right not just according to the constitution, but also as a worker and a part of the labor force that drives a country’s economy. So, if you are interested in finding out what your rights are, go ahead and read on.

  • Minimum Wage – According to the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, the federal minimum wage is currently at $7.25. However, state legislation can also set the minimum wage so different statesemplyment laws can have a different amount of minimum wage. The same law also states that a full-time job can only have 40 hours of work per week. Working beyond the 40 hrs per week required work time requires the employers to pay an overtime pay in time-and-a-half. This means that an hour of overtime work requires the employer to pay an amount equal to 1.5 hrs of work.
  • Work Leave – Unfortunately, in the United States, Family of Medical Leave Act of 1993 only requires employers to give its employees of 12 weeks of unpaid leave. This is very sad since a lot of industrial countries have more benefits in terms of leave.
  • Safe Working Environment – According to the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, employers, meaning the company you work for, should provide a safe working environment for you. This is particularly very important for workers in factories whose work involve interacting with machineries that can potentially harm them. Therefore, your company must provide you with training or orientation with regards to the proper way of handling these machineries. Safety equipment must also be provided in order to keep you from bodily harm while working.
  • Right to Equality – Civil Rights Act of 1963 states that employers cannot discriminate employees according to their race, color of the skin, religion they practice, sex, and/or national origins. According to Equal Pay Act of 1967, you also have the right to be paid an equal amount with someone doing equal work as you, no matter what your gender is. However, gender pay gap is still a very real problem in corporations especially in higher positions such as executive. Laws like Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 and Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 also aims to protect the elderly and persons with disabilities in their work place to be treated equally and without discrimination. Unfortunately, federal laws that prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and/or sexual identity has yet to be made. Thankfully, in 2016, 22 states have already passed state laws that protect LGBTQs from discrimination in their workplace. These include Wisconsin, Pennsylvania and District of Columbia among others.
  • Unions – National Labor Relation Act of 1935 has allowed the formation of Unions. Union is an organization whose purpose is to protect the rights of workers by speaking to the company or emplyment lawsemployers to improve their working conditions, salary and other things pertaining to your work. Under the Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959, unions are required to follow the principles of democracy in running their organization. So, if your company offers more than what is required by the federal and state laws, it is most likely thanks to the union.
  • Other Employment Laws that you must be aware of are the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 and Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act of 1988. The first law requires that the employers must practice the “standard prudent management” of the employees’ pension, health care plans and other benefits if the company decides to give these sad benefits. The latter states that if more than 50 people or more than a third of the total employees in the company are to be fired or lose their job, then a 60 day notice must be given to the said employees.

As an employee, it is very important to know your rights according to the employment laws and the responsibilities of your employer because if these laws are not met, then a lawsuit is possible. If you feel you have been mistreated at work, contact The Cooper Law Firm here. They are available for a free consultation to investigate any potential lawsuit.

Consumer Class Action Lawyer Fee Percentages Don’t Make Sense

consumer class action attorney feesHow many consumer class actions have you heard of where the consumer came out ahead? No one has, cause they are few and far between. And new research available through the Institute for Legal Reform further confirms that when it comes to acquiring significant compensation for consumers, most class actions really are a joke.

Scratch that. They’re not even close to being funny for lawyers fighting on behalf of consumers, or their brethren around the defense side. Consumer attorneys frequently win even if they lose. About one third of all cases are dismissed voluntarily, with the lawyers and certain plaintiffs often paid to go away, while the majority of those they should be fighting for get nothing. Defense lawyers, obviously, get compensated in each and every situation.

Even in instances where lawyers really negotiate funds with respect to the category, abysmal sums of money flow towards the consumers who have been the supposed reason behind the suit to begin with.

How abysmal? Scientists researched every consumer class action lawsuit in federal court in ’09 as stated by two major commercial lawsuit guides. They discovered that in five of six cases when settlement distribution data was really available, the proportion of sophistication people who really got money ranged from 12% to .000006%. (The sixth situation had near a 100 percent payout ratio, however it involved the Bernie Madoff scam.)

For practical reasons, counsel for plaintiffs (as well as for defendants) are often really the only beneficiaries from the class actions, the authors conclude.

objections for consumer lawsuitI’m able to hear the objections already. The ILR is financed through the U.S. Chamber, whose corporate people hate class actions. Mayer Brown generally works best for the defense.The study was on the sample from the 1000’s of sophistication actions which are filed every year. However that doesn’t alter the details, which Mayer Brown scientists visited great measures to compile.

They selected the entire year 2009 since it was 4 years after the Class Action Justness Act of 2005, which reduce probably the most egregious practices from the class-action bar. Individuals include negotiating coupon pay outs where clients win the privilege of purchasing discounted items in the same firms that allegedly ripped them off, as the lawyers are compensated in cash. (Description of how the are only able to be compensated a charge in line with the coupons really sold.) And also the law removes most national consumer class actions to federal courts, where judicial oversight is usually regarded as more rigorous.

According to this research, CAFA didn’t help consumers much. The scientists recognized 148 class actions in the 2009 vintage, after getting rid of labor- and investments-related cases, which operate under various and more rigorous legal rules. Additionally they removed me-too cases by lawyers who typically gang on companies wishing for any small bit of the charges from the settlement. From the 148 remaining cases, 28% were settled, 27% were ignored around the merits, 30% were under your own accord ignored through the lawyers or chosen a person basis, and 14% remained as pending.

Not really a single situation visited trial, illustrating the main reason complaintant lawyers love the category-action system a lot. When a judge certifies a situation being an action with respect to 1000’s or countless consumers, the stakes are often excessive for businesses to think about anything apart from settling. While lawyers under your own accord dismiss some weak cases and idol judges dismiss others, chances are lawyers get compensated something for all of them. Just like a union boss cutting an offer to help keep his people from employment sites, the category-action lawyer isn’t above shedding his situation in return for a charge.

It’s not unusual to have the ability to bargain using the named complaintant and get rid of the putative class action lawsuit,î stated Andy Pincus, someone in Mayer Brownís Washington office and cause of the report. Even when the judge dismisses the situation, he added, if you’re wise you may still visit the defendant and say, Look, I believe I’m able to appeal this.

Most voluntary dismissals are private, so class people never discover just how much their onetime lawyers and named plaintiffs were compensated to decrease what once appeared like an extremely promising situation. They are doing their part to increase pay, obviously, by means of greater prices around the products or services they’re buying later on.

fee breakdownBecause of the judicial and voluntary dismissals, the authors conclude, consumers get zero in over fifty percent from the suggested class actions filed. The category-action settlement rate of 33% is way less than the typical of 67% in federal courts. The trickiest federal cases concerning constitutional questions settled in a greater rate.

When consumer class actions do settle, lawyers usually negotiate an offer that pays them as well as their named plaintiffs well, but provides little to absolutely nothing to their other clients. The most typical tool is really a claims made settlement, to which everyone who allegedly lost money due to a company’s chicanery is bound through the the settlement, but must make individual states be compensated. Lawyers on sides know very little you will take time to complete documents for any 50-cent settlement check defense lawyers rely on this when calculating the best price of funds.

Idol judges, regrettably, don’t approach the problem having a similar degree of financial acumen. They often times award complaintant lawyers a portion from the purported worth of the settlement, even when those who negotiated it be aware of payout is going to be much smaller sized. One of the ways they fix this issue is as simple as permitting lawyers to influence the cash they are fully aware consumers won’t ever receive into non profit organizations underneath the doctrine. That’s be a playground for mischief, as lawyers and idol judges attempt to send money to unrelated non profit organizations that simply might further an individual agenda that belongs to them, including medical centers associated with esteemed colleges their children may want to attend, or perhaps in the situation of the infamous Facebook settlement, a charity that’ll be underneath the charge of the organization funding it.

Only inside a rare subset of pay outs perform the lawyers generate a mechanism through which plaintiffs are compensated instantly. This really is hard to impossible at school actions over consumer items, in which the settling company doesn’t know who its clients are. The Mayer Brown team found 3 consumer class actions with automatic distribution, one concerning banking services and yet another a web-based game where class people got game points deposited for their account.

One serious problem facing anybody who would like to study the potency of class-action lawyers is the penchant for secrecy with regards to the amounts their customers really collect. Idol judges, for reasons most widely known privately, rarely require lawyers to reveal how much cash is really compensated in such pay outs although the entire process should be open and susceptible to judicial review. The secrecy serves lawyersí interests by reduction of pressure on charges that will appear enormously inflated when the true worth of their pay outs was revealed.

For this reason the scientists were only in a position to pull distribution data for six cases, but research through the RAND Corp. yet others indicates many instances have similarly low payout rates for consumers.

The report features a roster of pay outs where lawyers were compensated handsomely as well as their clients got little to nothing, including:

Heartland Payment Systems Data Security Breach: From a purported type of 130 million clients hurt with a data breach, 11 claims were compensated for as many as $110,000. Lawyers take: $641,000.

DirectBuy lawsuit: Class people receive discount rates on membership renewals from business that allegedly ripped them off lawyers get around $a million in charges.

Kellogs Grain Crispies lawsuit: Consumer class action lawyers at The Cooper Law Firm. Consumers receive the authority to a $5 refund, while lawyers seek 1 / 2 of the supposed $2.5 million claim fund.

Marek v. Lane: Class people receive to attend future conferences by company that allegedly unsuccessful to provide guaranteed services lawyers get $1.4 million for his or her shrewd negotiating abilities.

This research was timed partly to create evidence for that Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, that is studying whether or not this should ban class-action waivers in consumer contracts. The U.S. Top Court has frequently upheld the validity of these waivers, which steer consumer complaints in to the arbitration system, against complaints by complaintant lawyers that customers be more effective offered underneath the class-action mechanism.

Why families should pursue compensation following a loved one’s death

Wrongful death lawyer

When a loved one dies, his or her immediate family will experience a big loss. Such a loss is even felt by close friends, colleges at work or even social media fans. Before death, the loved one could have been a vibrant investor who amassed great wealth or held a top position at work. Definitely there is an estate left to be inherited. While there might be good reasons to pursue compensations, at times there are considerably many reasons families hold on when seeking it.

Who should benefit from the compensation?

Families are of different grades. A person could have been single with no wife or children. At times, you could have had a spouse but no children. Moreover, you could have had a spouse and children. Far more complicated is when you have a spouse and registered domestic partner too. Which category do parents and non-related minors fall under? To fully point out the people regarded as family during a compensation case, below is a comprehensive list.

* Married spouse

* Registered and affiliated domestic partner

* Dependent parents

* Living children

* Any minor who was under the deceased’s custody for more than 180 days before death

While some States may include other people, the above members are globally recognized as parts of any family. As for the domestic partner, whether they are on any payroll or not, they are eligible for benefits from the compensation. A death attorney too considers dependable parents as eligible for the cash. Being dependent does not mean they benefit from cash only; any other service that held them together is termed as dependent. What if the minor was on a visit? First, you have to accept that they have a share before thinking otherwise independent of the cause of stay.

Why pursue compensation?

You might reconsider the pursuit of legal action following the death of your loved one if you weigh your options lightly. First, who will cater for the expenses left? You can look down upon them but their magnitude is great on your savings.

Actually a single expense might deplete your entire savings. What are the expenses to watch out for?

* Ambulance fees during any medical evacuation

* Medical expenses including medication bills

* Any loss of cash when attending to the deceased’s hospitalization

* Suffering and pain the deceased experienced before death

* Burial and funeral expenses

Sometimes the deceased happens to have left a will that indicates the expenses to pay and those not to. If some happen to have not been listed in the will, a death attorney will ensure they are given to the family member claiming.

Compensation for damages left

Are these damages related to criminal activities? It is normal for people to think of any criminal activity involving the deceased in before death. When claiming damage compensation, it means that financial dependency relationship existed that stalled after death of the loved one. Such damages are either economical or non-economical.

What is economical damage?

Were you dependent on the deceased financially when still alive? If you were, you are entitled to financial support that is calculated according to present values. What is present value? This the value of money that needs to be invested currently to produce the same cash you could have got as financial support.

Is economical damage limited to time?

Yes. Actually you are entitled to the compensation for a limited duration of time. Often, this time is considered as either the deceased life expectancy or your own life expectancy. The scale used to determine life expectancy varies from one legal institution to another. What of a minor? A minor is only compensated till adulthood.

Non-economical damage

Refers to any service or relation that is currently missing. It may be love, affection or companionship. Such services are estimated and compensated to the family members. If there was a minor under their guidance or training, they are too entitled for a share of the compensation.

While some might term the above issues as manipulative, in today’s economy, nothing is manipulative as long as it is proven right by a legal institution. Rise and start your journey to claiming compensation in the event of death of a loved one.

How Employment Lawyers Can Explain The Benefits of Class Action Cases

Benefits White Marker

Employment law is an incredibly rewarding field; employers have always tried to make the most profit possible from their workforce, regardless of the weight they have to carry. Employers will work their employees to the bone, making them do as much as they possibly can, even when their health is put at risk.

When an employee is mistreated and decides to pursue legal action, sometimes it is in their best interest to pursue a class action, rather than an individual claim. But, for many, this suggestions does not give them confidence that their case will be handled with care.

Employment lawyers can find themselves pulling their hair out trying to explain to someone that they would be best served by joining a class action. Nobody wants to get “screwed”. For some, the mere idea that a class action is a ploy by their attorney to get more money can lead a person to storm out of a law office.

Use Examples and Easy-To-Understand Explanations

examplesSpeaking to a client should be similar to speaking to a child; you don’t want to treat them like they are stupid, but you want them to understand you are in charge and that they should do what you say quickly. Those who seek out employment law attorneys have already been used by their employer, and are often on-guard. You want to be as unthreatening as possible and use language they can understand and relate to.

When explaining class actions, let them know that grouping together is going to work out for them in the long run. You went to law school for a reason, let them see your legal prowess. Explain to them that by grouping together with others who have been wronged in a similar way, you all have a better chance of maximizing your recoveries and obtaining compensation as quickly as possible.

Tell Them About How Much They Could Make


Nothing is going to convince your client to join a class action more than telling them how much they could potentially make if they do. It is no secret that class action settlements can be hundreds of millions of dollars. These settlements and verdicts are dispersed amongst all of those who join the class action, often resulting in more compensation for the plaintiffs had they tried to pursue the money on their own.

Scott Cooper of the Cooper Law Firm was able to secure $20,000,000 on behalf of computer engineers that were denied their overtime pay. These huge verdict amounts can help motivate anyone to consider pursuing a class action.

Reassure Them That They Are Still Important

Most clients don’t want to pursue claims as part of a class action because they don’t want to become one of several pursuing compensation. They liked being David Vs. Goliath. Let them know that they are more than just a number to you, and that their case truly matters.

How To Handle Communications With Wrongful Death Clients

wrongful death communications

It is one of the most difficult times in someone’s life. When a loved one is lost, we feel lost ourselves. It is difficult to function and to complete all the necessary tasks that we take for granted in our daily lives.

As an attorney, it is your job to be sensitive and caring at these times. Whether you are a prosecuting attorney trying to get justice for the family, a civil attorney suing for wrongful death, or an estate attorney who handles this type of tragedy on a daily basis, you must reach into yourself to be calm, sensitive and patient with a lost one’s family.

Communication when you are an attorney is not only key, it is generally required to some extent in the Bar rules. Yet, the type of communication you offer to your clients will vary with the type of case and with your knowledge of the client. When you are dealing with communicating to a family that has lost a loved one, you may want to consider a different approach than another client.

For telephone conversations

TelephoneIf you are speaking over the phone to a family member of a pedestrian that was struck and killed, you may want to change your normal approach. Do you tend to sound rushed over the phone? Or perhaps you are doing other things while speaking to some clients?

Families of loved ones lost deserve more to make them feel comfortable and safe during this dire time. Pedestrian deaths in California are surprisingly common, putting together a game plan beforehand can help you relate.

Here are some tips to follow:

– Do not work on something else while on the phone with a family member

– Actively listen to their concerns

– Do not rush them, as this comes off insensitive

– Speak clearly and slowly, with a sympathetic voice

– Reassure them you are there to help them

– If negative information has to be given, provide it in a sympathetic way

For email conversations

emailIn any email, it can be difficult to understand someone’s tone of voice. You want to be careful to not come off as uncaring or sarcastic in an email communication with these clients. For a client to feel reassured, they want to know that you care and are taking your time to connect with them.

Here are some tips to follow:

– Open with condolences

– Reread your email carefully to make sure nothing can be taken the wrong way

– Get a second opinion to check if the message is making the same sense

– Use bullet points and keep the information you are providing clear

– If negative information has to be given, provide it in a sympathetic way

– Let them know they can either email you back or call, whichever is more comfortable for them

Being sensitive

The legal world can be a harsh one. You know that, but the family of someone lost does not necessarily know that. In order for you to get the information you need to do your job; you need the family to be cooperative. That is another reason why you need to be sympathetic when communicating.

Do you realize your clients are dealing with a great loss, including loss of companionship and possible loss of financial stability? Funeral costs are rising and medical bills can be astronomical. Can you put yourself in their shoes? How would you want to be communicated with? Keep that in mind when speaking to these clients.

Reassure them that you know no amount of compensation can bring back their loved one from this tragedy. Yet, there can be peace of mind in knowing the party who is in the wrong has taken responsibility and that bills can be paid. You may have a client whose family cannot face the reading of a will, or know how to process probate. That is where you come in to explain every step of the way.


Remember, you are the one who is there for them so they are not going through this alone. When communicating with these clients, keep in mind their tragedy, their hardship, and heartache. These clients are grieving, and may not be able to handle legal issues. They have other things on their mind, but they need to be kept on notice of the progress you are making

in their case. You may even want to consider communicating with them more often than other clients to show your support.